How clean is the air in your metropolitan area or county? Use this map to find out.
The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has provided a scale called the Air Quality Index (AQI) for rating air quality. The AQI scale is based on the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and is described in the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 58, Appendix G. This map is based on the EPA AQI scale.
The latest AQI image available is for January 22, 2013 as of 2:21 pm PST (Pacific Standard Time). If the image below is not current, force your browser to reload the correct image. Click on any of the boxes on the image for a detailed listing of all the AQI pollutants monitored in that area. You can also view a tabular presentation of the Air Quality Index (AQI) Report for the entire state.
PLEASE NOTE: Data in this image is collected from DAQEM air monitoring sites, local agencies, and private monitoring networks. This data has not been verified by the DAQEM or the responsible entity and may change. While this is the most current data, it is not official until it has been certified by the appropriate technical staff. This image is updated hourly.
The image above shows the Air Quality Index (AQI) ratings for each of the NAAQS pollutants that are measured real-time and the critical pollutant that is driving the AQI rating in each metropolitan area or other area where pollutant levels are monitored by the DAQEM. The critical pollutant is the pollutant with the highest AQI rating measured in the area. The image is updated each hour and covers the period from midnight through the indicated ending time.
There are five pollutants that go into the Air Quality Index: ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter. In the image above, each monitoring area is represented by a small box which is color coded to match the AQI rating for the day (see Interpreting the AQI). Inside the box, the pollutant that is driving the AQI rating is identified by its abbreviation (see the table below). At the bottom of each box is a small legend that indicates which pollutants are actively measured in that area. Please note that not all pollutants are measured in all areas or at all sites. The table below briefly describes each pollutant that goes into the AQI.
|Ozone||O3||Ozone is a form of oxygen with three atoms instead of the usual two atoms. It is a photochemical oxidant and, at ground level, is the main component of smog. Unlike other gaseous pollutants, ozone is not emitted directly into the atmosphere. Instead, it
is created in the atmosphere by the action of sunlight on volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides.
In general, higher levels of ozone usually occur on sunny days with light winds, primarily from March through October. An ozone exceedance day is counted if the measured eight-hour average ozone concentration exceeds the standards.
|Carbon Monoxide||CO||Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, very toxic gas produced by the incomplete combustion of carbon-containing fuels, most notably by gasoline powered engines, power plants, and wood fires.
The eight-hour standard can be exceeded during winter months when very stable atmospheric conditions exist.
|Sulfur Dioxide||SO2||Sulfur dioxide is produced by burning sulfur-containing fuels (such as coal), smelting metallic ores containing sulfur, and removing sulfur from fuels. There are three sulfur dioxide standards which include a 24-hour average, an annual average, and a three-hour average.|
|Nitrogen Dioxide||NO2||There are several oxides of nitrogen produced by high-temperature combustion. However, the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) is only for Nitrogen Dioxide, which has an annual and 1-hour standard.|
|Particle pollution (also called particulate matter or PM) is the term for a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets found in the air. Some particles, such as dust, dirt, soot, or smoke, are large or dark enough to be seen with the naked eye. Others
are so small, they can only be detected using an electron microscope. Particle pollution includes
inhalable coarse particles, with diameters larger than 2.5 micrometers and smaller than 10 micrometers and
fine particles, with diameters that are 2.5 micrometers and smaller. How small is 2.5 micrometers? Think about a single hair from your head. The average human hair is about 70 micrometers in diameter -- making it 30 times larger than the largest fine
particle. These particles come in many sizes and shapes and can be made up of hundreds of different chemicals. Some particles, known as
primary particles, are emitted directly from a source, such as construction sites, unpaved roads, fields, smokestacks or fires. Others form in complicated reactions in the atmosphere of chemicals such as sulfur dioxides and nitrogen oxides that are
emitted from power plants, industries and automobiles. These particles, known as
secondary particles, make up most of the fine particle pollution in the country.
Coarse particulates (PM-10) come from sources such as windblown dust from the desert or agricultural fields (sand storms) and dust kicked up on unpaved roads by vehicle traffic. PM-10 data is the near real-time measurement of particulate matter 10 microns or less in size from the surrounding air. This measurement is made at standard conditions, meaning it is corrected for local temperature and pressure.
Fine particulates (PM-2.5) are generally emitted from activities such as industrial and residential combustion and from vehicle exhaust. Fine particles are also formed in the atmosphere when gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds, emitted by combustion activities, are transformed by chemical reactions in the air. Large-scale agricultural burning or sand storms can produce huge volumes of fine particulates. PM-2.5 data is the near real-time measurement of particulate matter 2.5 microns or less in size from the surrounding air. This measurement is made at local conditions, and is not corrected for temperature or pressure.
Each NAAQS pollutant has a separate AQI scale, with an AQI rating of 100 corresponding to the concentration of the Federal Standard for that pollutant. Additional information about the AQI and how it can be used is available from the EPA.
Place your mouse pointer over the scale displayed above to view information about the Air Quality Index, and each of the rating levels.
The actual index calculation is different for each parameter measured and is specified by the EPA. The following table shows the various breakpoints used in calculating the AQI.
|AQI Breakpoint Definitions|
|AQI Range||1hr Ozone
|8hr Carbon Monoxide
|1hr Sulfur Dioxide
|24hr Sulfur Dioxide
|1hr Nitrogen Dioxide
in µg/m³ (25° C)
in µg/m³ LC
|0 - 50||Not Defined||0 - 0.059||0 - 4.4||0 - 0.035||Not Defined||0 - 0.053||0 - 54||0 - 12.4|
|51 - 100||Not Defined||0.06 - 0.075||4.5 - 9.4||0.036 - 0.075||Not Defined||0.054 - 0.1||55 - 154||12.5 - 35.4|
|101 - 150||0.125 - 0.164||0.076 - 0.095||9.5 - 12.4||0.076 - 0.185||No:w! t Defined||0.101 - 0.36||155 - 254||35.5 - 65.4|
|151 - 200||0.165 - 0.204||0.096 - 0.115||12.5 - 15.4||0.186 - 0.304||Not Defined||0.361 - 0.64||255 - 354||65.5 - 150.4|
|201 - 300||0.205 - 0.404||0.116 - 0.374||15.5 - 30.4||Not Defined||0.305 - 0.604||0.65 - 1.24||355 - 424||150.5 - 250.4|
|301 - 400||0.405 - 0.504||Not Defined||30.5 - 40.4||Not Defined||0.605 - 0.804||1.25 - 1.64||425 - 504||250.5 - 350.4|
|401 - 500||0.505 - 0.604||Not Defined||40.5 - 50.4||Not Defined||0.805 - 1.004||1.65 - 2.04||505 - 604||350.5 - 500.4|
|500+||Not Defined||Not Defined||Not Defined||Not Defined||Not Defined||Not Defined||605 - 4999||500.5 - 999.9|
PLEASE NOTE: This data has not been verified by the Clark County DAQ and may change. This is the most current data, but it is not official until it has been certified by our technical staff. Data is collected from Clark County DAQ ambient monitoring sites and may include data collected by other outside agencies. This data is updated hourly. All times shown are in local standard time unless otherwise indicated.